Landfills, Transfer Stations & Resource Recovery Facilities: What’s the Difference?

Landfills, Transfer Stations & Resource Recovery Facilities: What’s the Difference?


If you live in a big city like Brisbane, you already know that rubbish removal in Brisbane can be a bit stressful – particularly when you are not really sure just where to take what waste. Most people know about landfills, and Australia has a lot of those. Although landfills are great for mixed waste, some types of waste should go to other places, like transfer stations and resource recovery facilities.

As experienced waste removal professionals, we at 4 Waste Walk-In Skip Bins are in the business of rubbish removal in Brisbane. As such, it is our job to know exactly where each waste should go. However, we are aware how confusing it can be for people who want to dispose of rubbish from their premises and we would like to help.

This article is a short guide on the difference between landfills, transfer stations and resource recovery facilities. We’ll cover each one, the sort of waste you need to send to each, and the different waste removal options you have.


According to the Australian Government Department of Environmental Energy, there are 1168 operational landfills in Australia. Given they are so readily available, landfills are the most favoured destination for rubbish removal in Brisbane.

Landfills come in different sizes and most mixed waste is sent to this destination. These days, lots of landfills engage in pre-disposal resource recovery and insist on sorting out certain waste like garden organics composting and household recyclable materials, among others. A lot of sorting goes into rubbish removal when you’re using a landfill.

Transfer Stations

Transfer stations are where you can take your waste, which will be aggregated, compacted and transported to disposal sites. There are 872 transfer stations in Australia, and if there is no landfill near you, there will most likely be a transfer station that you can choose for your rubbish removal in Brisbane.

A transfer station, much like a landfill, implies that you would need to load your rubbish and haul it all the way to the location of the transfer station. If you have a lot of rubbish, this can become very tiring real fast.

Resource Recovery Facilities

Resource recovery facilities are quite sophisticated and are created to function in a way where they can process your rubbish using several methods, including biological, mechanical and thermal methods. There are currently 806 resource recovery facilities in Australia.

It is important to note that there are different kinds of resource recovery facilities. These include alternative waste treatment facilities (AWT), thermal waste technologies, recycling facilities, garden organics processing facilities, and material recovery facilities (MRF).

If you are engaging in rubbish removal in Brisbane, you need to first sort out your waste before taking it to the relevant resource recovery facilities. Waste removal professionals like 4 Waste Walk-In Skip Bins have the skills to sort your rubbish before sending it to the correct resource recovery facility.


Identifying which waste destination you can use and then sorting out the rubbish that goes to each one can be a hassle. It is time-consuming and easy to mix up the different sorts of trash, which is why most people go for the easier and more convenient route. At 4 Waste Walk-In Skip Bins we provide affordable rates for our skip bins to rid you of your rubbish removal woes.

Each skip bin is durable and affordable, but hiring a 4 Waste Walk-In Skip Bin means you don’t have to bother with the headache of taking the right bag to the right destination. Our professionals are here to ensure you never need to worry about where to take your trash again. Why not get in touch today for affordable rates?

*Please Note: Prices mentioned in this article may not be accurite at the time of publishing or viewing and will not be honoured. For current pricing, always refer to the prices quoted when ordering.


Green Waste Rules: No logs, stumps, palm Logs, whole trees, mulched trees, golden cane trunks, soil, or turf. Branches must be under 13cm in diameter. All green waste must stay under the top rail of the Skip Bin, with nothing poking up.

General Waste Rules: No rocks, bricks, tiles, concrete, pavers, hard wood, paint, chemicals, tyres, carpet,mattress, soil, dirt, sand or hard fill. All general waste must stay under the top rail of the skip bin, with nothing poking up.